Cherry trees have beautiful whitish-pink blossoms in spring between mid-March and mid-April covering bare branches. This only means that their pulp can produce writing paper that is smooth. Maples in the area come in several different types, but the red maple is the most common tree in the state. Read more: Types of Elm Trees with Their Bark and Leaves – Identification Guide. This is an evergreen tree, meaning that it retains its color throughout the entire year. The shapes of the leaves help to identify the tree species. Mediterranean Cypress / Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) trees, foliage and cones. Oak trees are hardwood trees that are common in North America and Europe. There are hardwood trees native to North America that have “cedar” in their common name. Redbud trees have heart shaped leaves and their seedpods have dark brown color. Crabapple flowers come in spectacular shades of pink, white, purple, orange, and red. Deciduous trees shed their leaves at a certain time of the year – usually in the autumn while types of evergreen trees keep their leaves throughout the year. Tree identification: Rich brown-red colored wood that gets darker with age. Tree identification: Hawthorn leaves come in many different shapes. The most common maple tree species in Europe is the sycamore maple tree (Acer pseudoplatanus), and there are 10 species native to Canada. Sycamore is a species of large hardwood tree in the genus Platanus. Flowering dogwood is one of the most common understory hardwoods you will see in both hardwood and coniferous forests in eastern North America. The bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) and Pond Cypress (Taxodium ascendens) are examples of false cypresses. Also called ‘Smaragd,’ this upright columnar arborvitae has compact growth and reaches up to 14 ft. (4 m) tall. Ash tree wood is prized for its strength and flexibility. Cottonwood trees are common in North America, Europe, and some parts of Asia. Willow leaves can be greenish-yellow, bluish-green or have red blushing. Tree identification: Birch trees have small triangular-shaped leaves with a slightly serrated edge. There are hundreds of varieties of cherry trees – Species of cherry trees are categorized by their fruit or blossoms. Even though they cover only a small part of the earth, they house at least one half of all species. However only the female species of cottonwood trees produce the white fluff for which the tree is known. All types of trees play an important role in our ecosystem. Hickory produces edible nuts that are in a “double” shell. The Eastern redbud tree is named for where it commonly grows, which is in eastern North America. The needles of fir trees tend to be softer than pine or spruce. Catkins resembling lambs tails, and late-summer nuts. Discover five of the most common trees in Britain's towns and cities - the plane tree, sycamore, English oak, silver birch and horse chestnut. Another recognizable feature is that the bark of birch trees is papery. Each tree species has specific requirements for its cultivation, training, and care, so Bonsai tree identification is crucial to take proper care of your tree. Oak trees can be identified by their lobed leaves with pointed or rounded tips. American arborvitae (Thuja Occidentalis) makes great privacy tree or hedge. Schefflera (ARALIACEAE) It is also one of the most common of small trees in the urban landscape. Eucalyptus plants are native to Australia but also grow in tropical and temperate climates throughout the world. This medium-sized tree, which is native to China, Korea and Japan, typically grows to be about 40 to 60 feet tall with a 30 to 40 foot spread, according to the Arbor Day Foundation. Evergreen trees retain their leaves all year around. Spruce trees are also one of the most important trees for the timber industry. Many evergreen trees such as conifers, pines, and spruce trees have needle leaves. Crabapple trees (botanical name Malus) are like miniature apple trees (Malus domestica). Spruce trees are slow growing and are important in the building industry. Read more: Varieties of Arborvitae Hedges, Trees, and Shrubs. Its leaf shape is the emblem of the Dominion of Canada and the tree is the staple of the Northeast maple syrup industry. Then there are fir trees that include evergreens such as the Fraser fir, noble fir tree, and white fir. They have the old Celtic name of “fid na ndruad”, meaning wizard’s tree! The Hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) and Lawson Cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) are other false cypress varieties. Mature ash trees have bark with ridges that form diamond shapes. Tree identification: Most species of oak are deciduous trees and a few are evergreen. 1. Pine trees produce hard cones and their leaves are clusters of needle leaves. Some types of hawthorn trees have leaves that are deeply lobed and look like large parsley leaves. Willow trees are easily identified by their long drooping branches covered in oval elongated leaves. Pine trees are often used as ornamental trees and are a softwood type of conifer. Some of the low-growing juniper shrubs have silvery needles. Oak trees are well-known for producing wood that is extremely hard, durable, and resistant to disease. Some common species of elm include American elm (Ulmus americana), European elm (Ulmus glabra), and Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra). It is sometimes planted as an ornamental but out of favor because of the spiky fruit that collects underfoot in the landscape. They also have a large spread. As most of the other countries India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath. The Balsam Fir Tree. Some elm species have tall, upright growth, and other types of elm trees have an umbrella-shaped canopy. Most varieties of ash trees grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m) tall. This means that ash trees are related to olive trees and woody lilac bushes. The ‘Emerald Green’ arborvitae is one of the most popular landscaping trees in the Thuja species. Being surrounded by literally hundreds of types of trees, we thought it’d be interesting to write a blog on 5 of the Most Common trees in Australia. Cypress trees have soft, feathery evergreen foliage and produce cones that look like large acorns. Ash trees have lanceolate pinnate leaves that grow in groups of five, seven, or nine leaflets. Tree Identification: Redbud trees can be identified by their pink flowers and heart-shaped leaves. There are about 60 species of hardwood birch trees of the genus Betula and in the family Betulaceae. Cottonwood trees are popular because they are fast-growing, their timber is cheap, and they thrive in wetlands and arid environments. Some types of trees have wide oval leaves, some have star-shaped ones, and many evergreen trees have needle leaves. Unlike the clusters of pine needles on a branch, fir tree needles attach individually to the branches and not in clusters. Mahogany tree leaves have oval shape and they grow opposite each other on the stem. Lemon eucalyptus trees (Eucalyptus citriodora / Corymbia citriodora). 1. Belonging to the Prunus genus, Cherry plants are best known for their beautiful and edible fruits. However, their roots have a destructive effect on sidewalks and building foundations. Related: Types of Oak Trees and How to Identify them (Pictures), Sycamores are large flowering deciduous trees that grow easily from seeds. Tropical rain forests grow around the equator in South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. Elm trees are large shade trees that can grow up to 100 ft. (30 m) tall with a wide spread of around 75 ft. (22 m). Identifying the different kinds of trees usually depends on examining their leaves and bark. Hickory trees are related to walnut trees because they are in walnut family (Juglandaceae). Abies balsamea thrives on moist, acid and organic soils in swamps and on mountains to 5,600'. Steve Nix is a member of the Society of American Foresters and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. Oak trees are divided into two groups: white oaks (Quercus, subgenus leucobalanus) and red oaks (Quercus, subgenus Erythrobalanus). Typically, dwarf myrtle trees grow between 6 and 10 ft. (1.8 – 3 m) tall, such as the ‘Acoma’ crape myrtle that is a multi-stemmed shrub-like tree with masses of white flowers and a rounded spreading crown. The Balsam Fir tree is one of the most popular species used for Christmas trees. False cypress trees are evergreen and deciduous coniferous trees that also have the common name cypress. Most of these trees are common in North America, Europe, and other countries around the world. Elm leaves are classed as broad-leaves that can be between 7 and 16 cm long and their ovate shape tapers to a point. Related article: Crabapple Trees (Malus): Types, Flowers, Fruits. Care guides for the common Bonsai tree species. Some popular types of junipers in North America include Eastern red cedars, common red cedar, Ashe junipers, and California junipers. Spondias (ANACARDIACEAE) Spondias is a genus of flowering plants in the cashew family. Walnut trees generally have rough bark with deep fissures. It is also called a "keystone" tree species because of its importance in diverse forest ecosystems within its large range. Maple trees are beautiful deciduous shade trees with deeply lobed leaves. The taste of crabapples ranges from sweet to very sour and bitter, and they are made into jellies, sauces, pickled crabapples, and jams. In this section, we'll take a closer look into tree-species that are used for growing Bonsai, and Bonsai tree types. Leaves from the hawthorn tree grow spirally on long shoots. The bark of young fir trees is usually smooth and gray. It is reckoned that apple trees are the oldest cultivated tree in history. Some species of teak tree can grow up to 131 ft. (40 m) tall and their branches produce thin, papery leaves. Every Indian households have a at least one neem tree planted in their garden. Read more: Cottonwood Trees: Facts, Identification, Pictures and More. However, some cold-hardy cherry trees can withstand temperatures in zone 4. They are all white-pale yellow colored, softer or less dense, and have poor fire resistance. All species of trees are classified into two main types: deciduous trees and evergreen trees. Cedar trees are native to the Mediterranean region. Species of evergreen trees such as spruce, pine, and fir trees keep their leaves throughout the year. It is prevalent in the UK and can also be found throughout Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Some species of fir tree such as the Fraser fir, balsam fir, and noble fir are popular types of Christmas trees. Spruce trees are also traditionally used as Christmas trees. Although the maple tree is commonly associated with Canada, most of the species are native to Asia. Birch trees can be easy to identify as their bark is often white or silver-colored and the long drooping branches have small thin leaves. Tree identification: Apple tree leaves are alternate and simple and their shape is egg-shaped. A Balsam Fir Tree. Wood from birch is hard and is good for making furniture and plywood and is also a good source of firewood. The most common spruce trees in North America are the Red spruce, Black spruce, and White spruce. Many varieties of locust trees have long sharp thorns and there are a few thornless species. Common Ash – Fraxinus Excelsior Common ash, sometimes known as European ash, is the most common form of ash tree native to Britain. Read more: Types of Locust Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures. Each part of the Neem trees is essential for different purposes. The most common sycamore tree species in North America is the Platanus occidentalis which is also called the American sycamore. Junipers (genus Juniperus in the family Cupressaceae) are evergreen trees. Arborvitae trees and shrubs are ideal for natural privacy screens, wide hedges, living fences, or specimen trees. Ash trees (Fraxinus) are medium to large deciduous trees with a rounded crown of dark green leaves. There are about 400 species of willow that belong to the genus Salix. Although many types of evergreens grow in different regions across the country, here is a list of the five most popular Christmas tree varieties: Top 5 Most Popular Christmas Tree Varieties 1. Other names for hawthorns include ‘thornapples,’ ‘hawberries,’ or May-tree.’. One feature of spruce trees is that they are extremely cold hardy. There are plenty of dwarf apple tree cultivars for gardens that may just grow 3 – 6 ft. (1 – 2 m) high. Maple trees have dark brown furrowed bark, small winged fruits, and narrow reddish-brown twigs. Walnuts are deciduous trees are in the genus Juglans and the family Juglandaceae. It is a pine tree of the mountains and grows to an elevation of 11,000 feet. Some easily identifiable broadleaves are the iconic maple leaf and the oak leaf with its lobed leaves. As the tree matures the bark becomes ridged. LIST OF 50 TREES. Cedar trees are large evergreen coniferous trees that have needle-like leaves that are arranged spirally on scented woody branches. Tree identification is usually possible by examining the leaves. On each tree page, the small image is linked to a larger image. They are distantly related to apple and plum trees. Mahogany is a type of redwood tree that is famed for its hardness and straight grains. Some types of Eucalyptus trees are called gum trees, and fruit from eucalyptus plants are called gumnuts. Elm tree seeds are small and round and are protected in an oval papery casing called a samara. Most, but not all, deciduous plants have broadleaves that can be in all shapes and sizes. Silver Birch . There are 7 species native to the Neotropics. How to identify: distinctive serrated leaflets that are found in 5-8 pairs, giving the leaves a feather-like appearance. The most famous product made from maple trees is the sweet maple syrup made from the tree’s sap. Red oak trees have darker-colored bark and leaves with pointed lobes. Crabapple trees are stunning ornamental flowering trees. Locust trees are fast-growing flowering trees that grow to between 66 and 98 ft. (20 – 30 m) and belong to a family of flowering plants called Fabaceae. Cherry trees have glossy green oval leaves with pointed tips and serrated edges. Walnut trees also tend to be large, massive trees that grow to between 33 and 131 ft. (10 – 40 m) tall. Sycamore trees can grow to huge proportions with some reaching heights of 130 ft. (40 m). Cherry trees have many cultivars that include edible fruit trees, ornamental flowering trees, weeping and dwarf trees. A United States Forest Service report called the "Checklist of Native and Naturalized Trees" suggests that there may be more than 865 different species of trees in the United States. Japanese maple (botanical name: Acer palmatum) is a small deciduous tree with many cultivars growing worldwide. The American arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis) and Giant arborvitae (Thuja plicata) are native to North America, where they are popular garden landscaping plants. The easiest way to identify fir trees is by looking at their needles and cones. Sycamore trees have large serrated lobed leaves that look like maple leaves. Tree identification: Ash trees have large, pinnately compound leaves. As you can tell from the name, it rains a lot in these forests. Other common names for the American sycamore tree are buttonwood tree, western plane tree, American plane tree, and water beech. True cedar trees are in the plant family Pinaceae and the genus Cedrus. For example the common name "Palm Tree" can refer to many different species of trees in may different taxonomic groups. This pine is in abundance, particularly in western Canada and the Pacific Northwestern portion of the United States. Teak are massive deciduous trees that are species of trees in the genus Tectona. The reason why it is called red maple is that during the fall time, the leaves of this tree turn a beautiful bright red color. There are 12 maple species in North America and of these, 5 are most commonly seen: red maple, sugar maple, silver maple, boxelder, and bigleaf maple. These huge trees have thin, peeling reddish-brown bark. Often, outdoor furniture, window frames, flooring, and boat decks are constructed from teak trees. And its nuts are loved by people, squirrels and hazel dormice. Redbud trees belong to the plant family Fabaceae and the genus Cercis. Hickory are deciduous trees and include about 18 species. Incidentally, the most common tree species in Amazonia is the palm species Euterpe precatoria, a relative of the açaí palm Euterpe oleracea), whose sweet … The taste of crabapples ranges from sweet to very sour and bitter, and they are made into jellies, sauces, pickled crabapples, and jams. There are actually a number of species of birch trees that are used for paper. Like red maple, it will comfortably grow on many sites including wetlands, dry uplands and hill country up to 2,600'. Acorns have a smooth leathery shell that sits in a cup called a cupule. There are a lot of different kinds of Christmas trees and if you’re looking for the right Christmas tree for your home, maybe allergies, or you just wanted to last through the New Year’s, here are some of the most common types and their benefits. It is estimated that there are over 7,500 different kinds of apple trees. There are about 14 family groups of evergreen trees, and these trees provide color in gardens and landscapes all year long. Further reading: Types of Cherry Trees with Their Leaves and Flowers – Identification Guide. [1] A list of state trees of India is given below. Some species of eucalyptus trees can grow as tall as 330 ft. (100 m). and can be yellow, amber, orange, red or purple. 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